Docker Install Python

Docker Install Python

Method#1: docker pull python:3.5

Find the Python image on Docker Hub:

Docker Install Python

You can view other versions of python by Sort by, which defaults to the latest version python:latest.

In addition, we can also use the docker search python command to see the available versions:

apidemos@apidemos:~/python$ docker search python
NAME                           DESCRIPTION                        STARS     OFFICIAL   AUTOMATED
python                         Python is an interpreted,...       982       [OK]       
kaggle/python                  Docker image for Python...         33                   [OK]
azukiapp/python                Docker image to run Python ...     3                    [OK]
vimagick/python                mini python                                  2          [OK]
tsuru/python                   Image for the Python ...           2                    [OK]
pandada8/alpine-python         An alpine based python image                 1          [OK]
1science/python                Python Docker images based on ...  1                    [OK]
lucidfrontier45/python-uwsgi   Python with uWSGI                  1                    [OK]
orbweb/python                  Python image                       1                    [OK]
pathwar/python                 Python template for Pathwar levels 1                    [OK]
rounds/10m-python              Python, setuptools and pip.        0                    [OK]
ruimashita/python              ubuntu 14.04 python                0                    [OK]
tnanba/python                  Python on CentOS-7 image.          0                    [OK]

Here we pull the official image, labeled as 3.5:

apidemos@apidemos:~/python$ docker pull python:3.5

Once the download is complete, we can check the local mirror list for the REPOSITORY for python, labeled 3.5:

apidemos@apidemos:~/python$ docker images python:3.5 
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
python              3.5              045767ddf24a        9 days ago          684.1 MB

Method#2: Build via Dockerfile

Create Dockerfile

First, create the directory python to store the relevant stuff later.

apidemos@apidemos:~$ mkdir -p ~/python ~/python/myapp

The myapp directory will be mapped to the python container configuration application directory.

Go to the created python directory and create a Dockerfile.

FROM buildpack-deps:jessie

# remove several traces of debian python
RUN apt-get purge -y python.*

# > At the moment, setting "LANG=C" on a Linux system *fundamentally breaks Python 3*, and that's not OK.

# gpg: key F73C700D: public key "Larry Hastings <>" imported
ENV GPG_KEY 97FC712E4C024BBEA48A61ED3A5CA953F73C700D


# if this is called "PIP_VERSION", pip explodes with "ValueError: invalid truth value '<VERSION>'"

RUN set -ex \
        && curl -fSL "{PYTHON_VERSION%%[a-z]*}/Python-PYTHON_VERSION.tar.xz" -o python.tar.xz \
        && curl -fSL "{PYTHON_VERSION%%[a-z]*}/Python-PYTHON_VERSION.tar.xz.asc" -o python.tar.xz.asc \
        && export GNUPGHOME="(mktemp -d)" \
        && gpg --keyserver --recv-keys "GPG_KEY" \
        && gpg --batch --verify python.tar.xz.asc python.tar.xz \
        && rm -r "GNUPGHOME" python.tar.xz.asc \
        && mkdir -p /usr/src/python \
        && tar -xJC /usr/src/python --strip-components=1 -f python.tar.xz \
        && rm python.tar.xz \
        && cd /usr/src/python \
        && ./configure --enable-shared --enable-unicode=ucs4 \
        && make -j(nproc) \
        && make install \
        && ldconfig \
        && pip3 install --no-cache-dir --upgrade --ignore-installed pip==$PYTHON_PIP_VERSION \
        && find /usr/local -depth \
                \( \
                    \( -type d -a -name test -o -name tests \) \
                    -o \
                    \( -type f -a -name '*.pyc' -o -name '*.pyo' \) \
                \) -exec rm -rf '{}' + \
        && rm -rf /usr/src/python ~/.cache

# make some useful symlinks that are expected to exist
RUN cd /usr/local/bin \
        && ln -s easy_install-3.5 easy_install \
        && ln -s idle3 idle \
        && ln -s pydoc3 pydoc \
        && ln -s python3 python \
        && ln -s python3-config python-config

CMD ["python3"]

Create an image via Dockerfile, replacing it with your own name:.

apidemos@apidemos:~/python$ docker build -t python:3.5 .

Once created, we can find the image we just created in our local list of mirrors –

apidemos@apidemos:~/python$ docker images python:3.5 
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
python              3.5              045767ddf24a        9 days ago          684.1 MB

Using python image

Create a file in the ~/python/myapp directory with the following code.

#! /usr/bin/python

print("Hello, World!");

Run the container

apidemos@apidemos:~/pythondocker run -vPWD/myapp:/usr/src/myapp -w /usr/src/myapp python:3.5 python

Command description.

-v $PWD/myapp:/usr/src/myapp: Mounts myapp from the current directory in the host to /usr/src/myapp in the container.

-w /usr/src/myapp: Specify the container’s /usr/src/myapp directory as the working directory.

python Use the container’s python command to execute the file in the working directory.

Output results.

Hello, World!